Public  & Private Schools: What Are Your Options for Teaching English in Japan?


teach english abroad in Japan

By Shay Ames

  • Want to teach English in Japan, but are unsure of whether you prefer to teach in a public school or a private school? 
  • Are you wondering if there are alternatives to the famous JET Program for teaching in public schools?
  • Do you just want to know what your options are for teaching English in Japan?

teach english abroad in Japan

From Shinto Shrines to Sake Houses, Japan offers a cultural experience like no other. Can you envision yourself in the tranquility of spring cherry blossoms, admiring an ancient Japanese pagoda?  Then hopping on a 250-mile hour bullet train to become suddenly immersed in flashing neon and the bustling excitement of a sprawling ultra-modern metropolis?  These are daily experiences in Japan, where ancient and modern seem to meet at every turn.

Japan is also one of the one of the largest and most established job markets for teaching English in the world. With a large population (127 million+) and an economy based largely on international trade & finance, Japan has been investing in English language education on a massive scale for decades.

Many of those interested in teaching English in Japan are familiar with the famous Jet Programme (Japan Exchange & Teaching Programme), which places foreign teachers in Japanese public schools as Assistant Language Teachers (known as "ALTs").

But with millions of Japanese of all ages taking English classes each year, the JET Programme (which entails a lengthy & competitive application process) is not the only option for teaching English in Japan. Thousands of job opportunities open each year in other public school programs as well as in private schools & language academies, many of which cater to adults, particularly business people and university students.  

teach english abroad in Japan

Teaching English in Japan: Public Schools & Private Schools

While teaching in a Japanese public or private school might not be so different in the grand scheme, you may have preferences based on the advantages that each option can offer.  Overall, Japan boasts a robust TEFL market where there is high demand for TEFL trained professionals.  It's also routinely on our Top 5 Countries To Make The Most Money Teaching English, among the many other attractions that draw English teachers there. 

Here are some quick basics to help you learn more about teaching options in Japan: 

Private Schools (often known as Eikawas):

  • Teach your own solo classes
  • Work with students across the entire age spectrum
  • Smaller class sizes
  • Must be flexible with schedule - some schools require evening hours or even weekend work
  • You can choose where you teach & can live directly in Tokyo, Osaka, etc.
  • Must be flexible with commuting to different class locales and settings

japan - 650 - fuji.jpg

Public Schools:

  • Opportunity to work as an ALT (Assistant Language Teacher)
  • Work directly with native Japanese teacher for added cultural immersion
  • 8 - 5 weekday only schedule
  • Generous vacation time, all public holidays and weekends off
  • Must be flexible with location (teachers are typically assigned to a school)
  • Work primarily with Junior and Senior High School students
  • There are alternative programs & recruiters to the JET Programme, such as Interac

International TEFL Academy Students & Graduates should contact the Student Affairs Department to receive additional information about opportunities to teach English in Japan through ITA's Job Search Guidance.

Demand for English Teachers in Japan Will Grow in Coming Years

Now add this to the mix.  The TEFL marketplace in Japan is growing even larger in anticipation of the 2020 Tokyo summer Olympics!  The CEO of Interac America, representing the largest private national provider of public school ALTs in Japan (similar to the public, JET Program) is preparing for the increase in jobs too:

“We are looking for candidates that are culturally adaptable and wish to have a life changing experience while working and living in Japan. The number of ALTs is expected to grow between now and 2020, in preparation for the Olympics. If you are flexible, adaptable, and think you have what it takes to live and work in Japan, we wish to hear from you.” – Steven, CEO Interac America

Here is also an article from the Japan Times about the ramp up of English teaching jobs. 

Take advantage of this new wave of demand for you – a professionally TEFL trained, native English language teacher!  If you’ve wanted to experience the full spectrum of living in Japan, now is the time. 

Still not sure what will be best for you?  No problem!  Here are some resources to help you learn more about teaching English in Japan:


Interested in Teaching English in Japan or elsewhere?

Your first step is getting your TEFL certification.  Contact International TEFL Academy now for a free brochure and to speak with an admissions advisor. You can also call us directly at 773-634-9900. 


Shay-Headshot-131876-edited-250.jpgMeet the Author - Shay Ames.


Since becoming disillusioned and bored with his old corporate job in Chicago more than five years ago, Shay has made it his life's work to help others travel the world by teaching English abroad as an admissions advisor with International TEFL Academy. When he's not explaining hiring seasons in Spain or helping a student choose the right TEFL class, Shay can be found watching his beloved Pittsburgh Steelers, shooting hoops or honing his acting skills.


Previous Article
What Type of Visa Can I Use to Teach English in Japan?
What Type of Visa Can I Use to Teach English in Japan?

Interested in teaching English in Japan? You're in the right place! Visas are an important part of planning...

Next Article
Top 5 Countries to Make the Most Money Teaching English Abroad
Top 5 Countries to Make the Most Money Teaching English Abroad

Learn where you can make the most money teaching English abroad and receive benefits like free airfare and ...


Download Your Free Essential Guide to Teaching English in Japan

First Name
Last Name
Phone Number
Educational Level
TEFL Class of Interest
Thank you!
Error - something went wrong!